Background[ edit ] Brixton in South London was an area with serious social and economic problems.
Beaument Adams Revolver Webley "Bulldog" Revolver The lack of organisation and efficiency of early law enforcement was often a source of public controversy.
Because of this, a parliamentary committee was appointed to investigate the current system of policing. Upon Sir Robert Peel being appointed as Home Secretary inhe established a second and more effective committee, and acted upon its findings.
Robert Peel, believing that the way to standardise the police was to make it an official paid profession, to organise it in a civilian fashion, and to make it answerable to the public. After he presented his ideas to Parliamentthey were approved and made official with the Metropolitan Police Act of Due to this, Royal Assent was given to the Metropolitan Police Act on 19 June placing the policing arrangements for the capital directly under the control of Sir Robert Peel.
To appear neutral, the uniform was deliberately manufactured in blue, rather than red which was then a military colour, along with the officers being armed only with a wooden truncheon and a rattle to signal the need for assistance.
Along with this, police ranks did not include military titles, with the exception of Sergeant. Later, the obsolete flintlocks were decommissioned from service, superseded by early revolvers.
At the time, burglary or "house breaking" as it was then called was a common problem for police. It was then also legal under the Bill of Rights for members of the public who were Protestantsas most were, to own and use firearms.
The authorisation was issued on the condition that revolvers would only be issued if, in the opinion of the senior officer, the officer could be trusted to use it safely and with discretion. From then, officers could be armed.
The practice lasted untilalthough the vast majority of the system was phased out by the end of the 19th century. During the s, the flintlock pistols that had been purchased in were decommissioned from service, being superseded by Beaumont—Adams revolvers firing the. Ina ballot was carried out to gather information on officers' views on whether they wished to be armed, and 4, out of 6, officers serving on outer divisions requested to be issued with revolvers.
The now obsolete Adams revolver was returned to stores for emergencies, and the Bulldog 'Metropolitan Police' revolver was issued to officers on the outer districts who felt the need to be armed. On the night of 18 February PC Henry Owen became the first officer to fire a revolver while on duty, doing so after he was unable to alert the owners of premises on fire.
In the Bulldogs were withdrawn from service and returned to stores. Lord Trenchard standardised the issue of pistols among divisions with the division size determining the number of firearms with thirty-two rounds per pistol issued: In the authorisation to carry revolvers on outer districts was revoked, and at the same time Canadian Ross rifles were purchased in the prelude to the Second World War.
The original headquarters of the newly formed Metropolitan Police was near Governmentat 4 Whitehall Place ,[ citation needed ] with a back entrance on Great Scotland Yard. Scotland Yard soon became established as a name for the force itself.
Working shifts lasted 12 hours, 6 days a week, with Sunday as a rest day.The Scarman report was commissioned by the UK Government following the Brixton riots. The Metropolitan Police began Operation Swamp 81 at the beginning of April, aimed at reducing street crime, mainly through the heavy use of the so-called sus law.
The findings of the Scarman report led to the introduction of many measures to improve trust and understanding between the police and ethnic minority communities. But racial tensions - particularly with the police -continued to spark public disorder in the UK.
The report of the inquiry into the murder of black teenager Stephen Lawrence, to be published next week, is the most significant comment on police and the community since the Scarman report into.
The history of the Metropolitan Police Service is long and complex, with many different events taking place between its inception in to the present day. In , a report issued by Lord Scarman stated that the Metropolitan Police were having problems regarding racial discrimination.
The Scarman report does not apportion blame to the police. While the report acknowledges that "ill considered, immature and racially prejudiced actions of some officers" contributed to the riots Lord Scarman only acknowledges "unwitting discrimination against Black people".
The findings of the Scarman report led to the introduction of many measures to improve trust and understanding between the police and ethnic minority communities.
But racial tensions - particularly with the police -continued to spark public disorder in the UK.