Both men had the same parents…William and Clara.
IN order to form a just estimate of the influence exerted by Dr. Thomas Gallaudet on deaf-mute education in America, and of the value of his opinions, due account must be taken of several circumstances connected with his early life, which are well-known to his friends, but which are not always given the weight they deserve.
In two of the most intimate relations of human life he was associated with deaf-mutes.
Groups of deaf people have used sign languages throughout history. One of the earliest written records of a sign language is from the fifth century BC, in Plato's Cratylus, where Socrates says: "If we hadn't a voice or a tongue, and wanted to express things to one another, wouldn't we try to make signs by moving our hands, head, and the rest of our body, just as dumb people do at present?". This guide is designed to assist youth with and without disabilities to learn about the rich history of people with disabilities. Although designed primarily for youth and emerging leaders with disabilities, the guide can be used in multiple ways to educate a broader audience as well. Primera products are used by thousands of companies and organizations world-wide. You can browse the list of names of the industries that trust Primera for their in-house printing needs.
Both his mother and his wife were born without hearing, and neither ever learned to speak. Gallaudet's mother lived until he was fifty-five years of age, and his wife survives him, after having spent fifty-seven years of married life with her husband.
Of what value these close intimacies were in solving the problems of deaf-mute education will be made clear later on. From that time to the last months of his life he was in close contact with the deaf, as a teacher, as a bible class leader, as a preacher, as a spiritual guide and comforter, as a Director in several large schools, as a helpful friend to many in distress, or needing aid to make their way in the struggle for self-support.
And when from sickness or other misfortune a few of them were worsted in this struggle, they would ask of Dr. Gallaudet that shelter and solace in their old age which his beneficent provision, through the aid of his benevolent friends, has secured for them.
Gallaudet's experiences with the deaf were not limited to his own country. He made ten voyages to Europe; and while these were in part excursions for rest and recreation, there was always something for him to do for the deaf.
He attended several Conventions of teachers abroad, and many such gatherings of the deaf themselves, in which he had opportunity of judging as to the results of the various methods of instruction in use in foreign lands. In his own country a summer never passed that did not find him in some gathering of teachers or of the deaf, in which he came into communication with numbers of deaf people.
In the early days of deaf-mute education two methods, quite different in their character, were made use of.
The basis of one was oral speech; that of the other the language of gesture and dactylology. Under the first, the attempt was made to teach all deaf children to speak, and to understand the vocal utterance of others by observing the movement of the lips.
Those who taught by this method, endeavored to give their pupils an education equivalent to that afforded in elementary schools. Many of the promoters of the oral method undertook to keep their pupils from the language of signs and finger spelling, and few made any use in the class-room of these most natural means of communication with the deaf.
Under the second method, no attempt was made to teach speech or lip-reading. Finger spelling was resorted to as an exact and convenient means of familiarizing the deaf child with words and their combinations in verbal language.
Upon this basis, quite as full and satisfactory elementary education was built up as was attained under the oral method. For fully a century the two methods just described were pursued with no attempt at combination, the former being often called the German Method and the latter the French, because of their having been invented and practised in Germany and France respectively.
During the first half-century of deaf-mute education in this country, the method pursued was the Manual, derived from the great school in Paris in And it may be said, in passing, that under this method the deaf children of the United States were given a school training, which transformed them from helpless, almost hopeless beings, into happy, self-reliant, self-supporting members of society.
Intwo schools for the deaf, modeled after those of Germany, were established in this country. The reports of these investigators and the results shown in the two schools just alluded to, led the authorities of the other schools in the country to recommend that all deaf children should have an opportunity to learn to speak.
They were not convinced, however, that it would be for the interests of these children to adopt the German or Oral Method to the exclusion of the other.
And so it came about that a combination was soon effected in the larger schools of the country which has become general, and which is now recognized in educational circles throughout the world as the Combined System. The two oral schools established in are still conducted as such; and a few others have come into being on the same basis.
But none of the older institutions, while all have introduced speech-teaching to a greater or less extent, have closed their doors against manual methods. Several schools organized on the Pure Oral basis, satisfied that the best results could not be attained under any single method, have become Combined System schools.
In the somewhat prolonged controversy, which has been maintained in this country, Dr. Thomas Gallaudet has been always a supporter of the Combined System.DEAF CULTURE QUIZ To be taken after viewing the documentary “Through Deaf Eyes.” True or False: 1.
Q: The only communication mode . The Equitable Life Assurance Society Henry Baldwin Hyde "Henry B. Hyde was born in Catskill, N.Y., Feb. 15, He was a descendant of an old Colonial family established in Newtown, Mass., in , by William Hyde of England. Groups of deaf people have used sign languages throughout history.
One of the earliest written records of a sign language is from the fifth century BC, in Plato's Cratylus, where Socrates says: "If we hadn't a voice or a tongue, and wanted to express things to one another, wouldn't we try to make signs by moving our hands, head, and the rest of our .
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