The persecutions continued with varying intensity until when the Ottoman Empire ceased to exist and was replaced by the Republic of Turkey. The Armenian population of the Ottoman state was reported at about two million in An estimated one million had perished bywhile hundreds of thousands had become homeless and stateless refugees. By virtually the entire Armenian population of Anatolian Turkey had disappeared.
Initially it was carried out in German-occupied Eastern Europe by paramilitary death squads Einsatzgruppen by shooting or, less frequently, using ad hoc built gassing vansand later in extermination camps by gassing.
It included massacres, forced deportations involving death marchesmass starvation, and occurred concurrently with the Assyrian and Greek genocides. The State of Turkey denies a genocide ever occurred. Anotherwere arrested by Rwanda; of these, 60, were tried and convicted in the Gacaca court system.
It is recognized by the international community as a genocide. The Manchu Qianlong Emperor of Qing China issued his orders for his Manchu Bannermen to carry out the genocide and eradication of the Zunghar nation, ordering the massacre of all the Zunghar men and enslaving Zunghar women and children.
This occurred in the aftermath of the Caucasian War in the last quarter of the 19th century. Georgia, which has poor relations with Russiahas made outreach efforts to North Caucasian ethnic groups since the Russo-Georgian War. The government of the Independent State of Croatia murdered Serbs, Jews, Romani, and some dissident Croats and Bosniaks inside its borders, many in concentration camps, most notably Jasenovac camp.
He escaped to Spain after the war with the assistance of the Roman Catholic Church and fatally injured there some years later in an assassination attempt. Massacres, killings, rape, arson and systematic elimination of religious minorities particularly Hinduspolitical dissidents and the members of the liberation forces of Bangladesh were conducted by the Pakistan Army with support from paramilitary militias—the RazakarsAl-Badr and Al-Shams—formed by the radical Islamist Jamaat-e-Islami party.
The genocide, instigated by the Ottoman government, included massacres, forced deportations involving death marchessummary expulsions, arbitrary executions, and destruction of Greek Orthodox cultural, historical and religious monuments.
It occurred concurrently with the Armenian and Greek genocides.
The Catholic Church considered them heretics and ordered that they should be completely eradicated. Raphael Lemkin referred to the Albigensian Crusade as "one of the most conclusive cases of genocide in religious history".
The expulsion, preceded by the — insurgency in Chechnyawas ordered on 23 February by NKVD chief Lavrentiy Beria after approval by Soviet Premier Joseph Stalinas a part of Soviet forced settlement program and population transfer that affected several million members of non-Russian Soviet ethnic minorities between the s and the s.
The deportation encompassed their entire nations, well overpeople, as well as the complete liquidation of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
Hundreds of thousands     of Chechens and Ingushes died or were killed during the round-ups and transportation, and during their early years in exile. The survivors would not return to their native lands until Many in Chechnya and Ingushetia classify it as an act of genocideas did the European Parliament in On 26 Novembera supplementary decree to the Nuremberg Laws stripping Jews of their German citizenship expanded the category "enemies of the race-based state" to include Romani, the same category as the Jews, and in some ways they had similar fates.
Marek Jan Chodakiewicz among others.
These atrocities have been called the first genocide of the 21at century. Oxford University held an academic consensus calling the Indonesian Occupation of East Timor genocide and Yale university teaches it as part of their "Genocide Studies" program.
These figures represent a minimum conservative estimate that CAVR says is its scientifically-based principal finding. The report did not provide an upper bound, however, CAVR speculated that the total number of deaths due to conflict-related hunger and illness could have been as high as ,The Issues of the History and Historiography of the Armenian Genocide Volume 7, AGMI, Yerevan Armenian child starved to death, Collection of Near East Relief Society Armenian woman Arek Manukyan with her children, Mush The Issues of the History and Historiography of the Armenian Genocide Volume 7, AGMI, Yerevan Armenian child starved to death, Collection of Near East Relief Society Armenian woman Arek Manukyan with her children, Mush The Armenian Genocide: Context and Legacy Whereas the genocide resulted in the death of Armenian society in the former Ottoman Empire, the flight of many Armenians across the border into Russian territory resulted in compressing part of the surviving Armenian population into the smaller section of historic Armenia ruled by the Russians.
33 rows · This list of genocides by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either . ARMENIAN regardbouddhiste.comINGS OF THE EXTERMINATION OF A MINORITYA PROCESS OF DESTRUCTION IN FIVE PHASESTHE and widespread anti-Semitism throughout Europe would all contribute to the near-total disappearance of any and all references to these events of , which failed therefore to become the springboard for anticipating the process of the.
As a rule, the organizing agent is the nation, the victim population is a domestic minority, and the end result is the near total death of a society.
The Armenian genocide generally conforms to .