Sharp, pleuriticretro-sternal under the sternum or left precordial left chest pain Crushing, pressure-like, heavy pain.
Pericarditis Pericarditis The heart on the right shows Pericarditis inflammation and heart heart with pericarditis, in which the membrane pericardium that surrounds the heart is swollen and infected.
The heart on the left shows a heart with a normal pericardium. Pericarditis is swelling and irritation of the pericardium, the thin saclike membrane surrounding your heart. Pericarditis often causes chest pain and sometimes other symptoms. The sharp chest pain associated with pericarditis occurs when the irritated layers of the pericardium rub against each other.
When symptoms develop more gradually or persist, pericarditis is considered chronic. Most cases are mild and usually improve on their own. Treatment for more-severe cases may include medications and, rarely, surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment may help to reduce the risk of long-term complications from pericarditis.
Pericarditis care at Mayo Clinic Symptoms Pericarditis has different classification types, depending on the pattern of symptoms and how long symptoms last.
Acute pericarditis usually lasts less than three weeks. Incessant pericarditis lasts about four to six weeks but less than three months and is continuous. Pericarditis is described as recurrent if it occurs about four to six weeks after an episode of acute pericarditis with a symptom-free interval in between.
Pericarditis is considered chronic if symptoms last longer than three months. If you have acute pericarditis, the most common symptom is sharp, stabbing chest pain behind the breastbone or in the left side of your chest.
However, some people with acute pericarditis describe their chest pain as dull, achy or pressure-like instead, and of varying intensity. The pain of acute pericarditis may travel into your left shoulder and neck. It often intensifies when you cough, lie down or inhale deeply.
Sitting up and leaning forward can often ease the pain. At times, it may be difficult to distinguish pericardial pain from the pain that occurs with a heart attack. Chronic pericarditis is usually associated with chronic inflammation and may result in fluid around the heart pericardial effusion. The most common symptom of chronic pericarditis is chest pain.
Depending on the type, signs and symptoms of pericarditis may include some or all of the following: Sharp, piercing chest pain over the center or left side of the chest, which is generally more intense when breathing in Shortness of breath when reclining Heart palpitations An overall sense of weakness, fatigue or feeling sick Cough When to see a doctor Seek immediate medical care if you develop new symptoms of chest pain.
Many of the symptoms of pericarditis are similar to those of other heart and lung conditions. The sooner you are evaluated, the sooner you can receive proper diagnosis and treatment. For example, although the cause of acute chest pain may be pericarditis, the original cause could have been a heart attack or a blood clot of the lungs pulmonary embolus.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes Under normal circumstances, the two-layered pericardial sac that surrounds your heart contains a small amount of lubricating fluid.
In pericarditis, the sac becomes inflamed and the resulting friction from the inflamed sac leads to chest pain. The cause of pericarditis is often hard to determine. In most cases, doctors either are unable to determine a cause idiopathic or suspect a viral infection.
Pericarditis can also develop shortly after a major heart attack, due to the irritation of the underlying damaged heart muscle. In addition, a delayed form of pericarditis may occur weeks after a heart attack or heart surgery. Other causes of pericarditis include: These may include lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
Injury to your heart or chest may occur as a result of a motor vehicle or other accident. These may include kidney failure, AIDS, tuberculosis and cancer. Some medications can cause pericarditis, although this is unusual. Complications Complications of pericarditis may include: Although uncommon, some people with pericarditis, particularly those with long-term inflammation and chronic recurrences, can develop permanent thickening, scarring and contraction of the pericardium.
This condition is called constrictive pericarditis and often leads to severe swelling of the legs and abdomen, as well as shortness of breath. When too much fluid collects in the pericardium, a dangerous condition called cardiac tamponade can develop.The American Heart Association explains the signs and symptoms of pericarditis and how it is diagnosed.
Pericarditis: Inflammation of the sac covering the heart (called the pericardium). Myocarditis and cardiomyopathy are leading causes of heart transplants in the U.S. Pericarditis is an inflammation of the pericardium. Pericarditis is usually acute – it develops suddenly and may last up to several months.
The condition usually clears up after 3 months, but sometimes attacks can come and go for years. Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, which is the thin, two-layered, fluid-filled sac that covers the outer surface of the heart.
It's important to see your doctor because it .
Your heart beats in a fluid-filled sac called the pericardium that keeps it protected while it pumps blood to your body. Inflammation, irritation or swelling of this sac is called pericarditis. Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, two thin layers of a sac-like tissue that surrounds the heart, holds it in place and helps it work.