Ethics What is Ethics? Ethics is the branch of study dealing with what is the proper course of action for man. It answers the question, "What do I do? At a more fundamental level, it is the method by which we categorize our values and pursue them.
View citation and copyright. Supreme Court, in Walker V. Birminghamunderscored this "belief that in the fair administration of justice no man can be judge in his own case, however exalted his station, however righteous his motives, and irrespective of his race, color, politics, or religion" pp.
Even the California Supreme Court seemed to give tacit approval to breaking the law as long as it is done within the framework of civil disobedience: Neither stance may seem acceptable to psychologists who believe that compliance with a legal or professional obligation would be harmful, unjust, or otherwise wrong.
Absolute compliance connotes a "just following orders" mentality all too ready to sacrifice personal values and client welfare to an imperfect system of rules and regulations. Selective noncompliance connotes an association of people who have anointed themselves as somehow above the law, able to pick and choose which legal obligations and recognixed standards they will obey.
Civil disobedience itself may be precluded in significant areas of psychology.
This absolute openness--the lack of any attempt to avoid detection and prosecution--is essential in reaffirming respect for the process of law and accountability.
But how can a psychologist, for example, publicly refuse to make a mandated report e. The questionnaire was mailed to senior psychologists, presumably acknowledged by their peers as knowledgeable and scrupulous regarding professional accountability: The first question was: Of these 34 instances, the following were reported by more than one respondent: Only one psychologist was, as a result of the incident, the object of a formal complaint.
Seventy-three per-cent would, in hindsight, take the same action if the circumstances were the same. Seventy-seven percent of the respondents believed "that formal legal and ethical standards should ever be violated on the basis of patient welfare or other deeper values. How can psychologists who believe that the authority of the legal and ethical codes are not absolute ensure that their actions are based on sound professional judgment rather than on self-interest, prejudice, rationalization, and the sense that one is "above the law"?
Are the integrity, effectiveness, and fairness of our mechanisms of accountability--such as university grievance committees, human subjects review committees, and ethics committees--enriched or eroded when those who sit in judgment on the behavior of others have themselves intentionally broken the rules that they are seeking to enforce?
Such dilemmas are in need of open acknowledgment and serious study.
Related Resources on This Site:Conflict Between Research and Ethics Essay Sample Hepatitis implies an inflammation of the liver in which the cause of the inflammation can . Ethics and Research Paper Brandi McCord University of Phoenix (online) In my paper I plan to address the advantages and disadvantages of medical/nursing research and Identify associated dilemmas, analyze the history of ethics and research, and identify areas of conflict between research and ethics.
Bridging the gap between the ethics and research can greatly help society and the medical profession itself. A well formed ethical research can gain the positive node of many different players in the field of research including institutional bodies which ensure the ethical compliance.
When Laws and Values Conflict: A Dilemma for Psychologists. 60 current or former members of state ethics committees (50 of whom had served as chairs), 10 current or former members of the American Psychological Association (APA) Ethics Committee, 10 authors of textbooks focusing on legal or ethical aspects of psychology, and 20 .
Conflict between research and ethics arises from a conscious awareness of perceived social consequences of research actions on the community. A genuine conviction exists within the medical fraternity across the board, that anything that can be done to enhance the lives and well being of people is a core duty.
This section includes relevant background text, definitions and examples, policy statements, a video debate, and expert commentary.
It should be read by those looking for both a fundamental and thorough understanding of privacy and confidentiality issues.