Shop What is Acid Rain? Simply put, it means rain that is acidic in nature due to the presence of certain pollutants in the air due to cars and industrial processes. It is easily defined as rain, fog, sleet or snow that has been made acidic by pollutants in the air as a result of fossil fuel and industrial combustions that mostly emits Nitrogen Oxides NOx and Sulfur Dioxide SO2. Acidity is determined on the basis of the pH level of the water droplets.
Acid rain is a crude manifestation of the scourge of atmospheric pollution in form of precipitation that consists of high levels of nitric and sulphuric acid.
This technically occurs when sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are emitted into the atmosphere and undergoes chemical transformations to be absorbed by water droplets in clouds. The phenomenon of acid rain is clearly associated with the huge levels of pollution created by anthropogenic causes.
It has scathing and scarring effects on life on earth. The form of acid rain can include rain, snow, fog, hail or even dust particle. With unconscious rise in greenhouse gas emissions and elevated levels of all forms of air pollution, acid rain has now become intermittent with escalating danger.
There are two major forms of acid rain where one is in form of wet deposition in form of rain, snow, fog or hail.
While on the other hand, dry deposition implies to acidic particles and gases that may deposit to surfaces. It can even transform to larger particles through some form of transportation.
The washed off accumulated acid is nearly lethal for wildlife, plants as well as humans. The extent and concentration of acid rain is measured on a pH scale. Impact of Pollution on our life and environment Causes: Acid rain is a consequence of both anthropogenic and natural reasons.
However, the rising levels of pollution are the prime driver of its exacerbation. Among natural sources a common causal agent is from volcanic emissions. The gases emitted from volcanoes that create higher than normal acidic rain or any form of precipitation.
It has debilitating effect on plantation and normal vegetation cover. Decaying plants, wildfires and biological processes also emit such acidic gases. A typical contributor is dimethyl sulphide.
Lightning strikes produce nitric oxides which mix in the atmosphere and reacts with water molecules through electrical activity. Essay on Water Pollution: Facts, Causes, Effects, Solutions Human activities produce chemical gas emissions such as sulphur and nitrogen which dangerously contribute to acid rain on a large scale.
These emissions are generated mostly from automobiles, factories, and power generators, etc. The phenomenon of acid rain is more common in urbanized and highly industrialized areas. Such gases combine with water to form sulphuric acid, ammonium nitrate, and nitric acid.
Burning of coals for electric power generation or production of energy has menacingly contributed to this problem. Not just on environment but acid rain also has destructive effect on public health. Aquatic life apparently is the prime sufferer.
Acid rain directly falls on the water bodies and even gets run down into rivers, lakes, ponds, etc. As acids get accumulated in water, the pH level of entire body gets lowered.Causes, effects and solutions of acid rain: Acid rain refers to a mixture of deposited material, both wet and dry, coming from the atmosphere containing more than normal amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids.
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Acid rain could effects negatively on plants, aquatic animals, and infrastructure. The effects of acid rain: In the atmosphere acid rain can be carried very big and far distances between countries and from continent to another.
The effects of acid rain: In the atmosphere acid rain can be carried very big and far distances between countries and from continent to another. It can take the form of snow, mists and dry dusts. Respiratory illnesses in animals and humans such as asthma can be caused by the dry dust. Acid Rain Causes, History, and Effects.
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Published: 19th October, Last Edited: 19th October, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.
The Causes, History, and Effects of Acid Rain. Retrieved February 22, Acid rain, more correctly, acid precipitation, is the rain, snow, fog, hail, mist etc. that has a pH level below , the average acidity of rain. There are many factors which contribute to the acidity, some occurring naturally and others which are pro /5(9).