An overview of the bubonic plague in the middle ages of europe

Blog Tour and Giveaway Bubonic Panic: Gail Jarrow rounds out her "Deadly Diseases" trilogy with a riveting account of how the plague came to the United States at the turn of the century.

An overview of the bubonic plague in the middle ages of europe

Smooth, painful lymph gland swelling called a bubo, commonly found in the groin, but may occur in the armpits or neck, most often near the site of the initial infection bite or scratch Pain may occur in the area before the swelling appears Gangrene of the extremities such as toes, fingers, lips and tip of the nose.

An overview of the bubonic plague in the middle ages of europe

Additional symptoms include extreme fatigue, gastrointestinal problems, lenticulae black dots scattered throughout the bodydelirium, and coma. Cause Oriental rat flea Xenopsylla cheopis infected with the Yersinia pestis bacterium which appears as a dark mass in the gut. The foregut of this flea is blocked by a Y.

Bubonic plague is an infection of the lymphatic systemusually resulting from the bite of an infected flea, Xenopsylla cheopis the rat flea. In very rare circumstances, as in the septicemic plaguethe disease can be transmitted by direct contact with infected tissue or exposure to the cough of another human.

The flea is parasitic on house and field rats, and seeks out other prey when its rodent hosts die. The bacteria remain harmless to the flea, allowing the new host to spread the bacteria.

The bacteria form aggregates in the gut of infected fleas and this results in the flea regurgitating ingested blood, which is now infected, into the bite site of a rodent or human host. Once established, bacteria rapidly spread to the lymph nodes and multiply.

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As the disease progresses, the lymph nodes can haemorrhage and become swollen and necrotic. Bubonic plague can progress to lethal septicemic plague in some cases.

The plague is also known to spread to the lungs and become the disease known as the pneumonic plague. Diagnosis Laboratory testing is required in order to diagnose and confirm plague.

Ideally, confirmation is through the identification of Y. Confirmation of infection can be done by examining serum taken during the early and late stages of infection.

To quickly screen for the Y. Swollen lymph nodes buboes characteristic of bubonic plague, a fluid sample can be taken from them with a needle. Blood Lungs Treatment Several classes of antibiotics are effective in treating bubonic plague.

These include aminoglycosides such as streptomycin and gentamicintetracyclines especially doxycyclineand the fluoroquinolone ciprofloxacin.

Other treatments include oxygen, intravenous fluids, and respiratory support. People who have had contact with anyone infected by pneumonic plague are given prophylactic antibiotics.

Plague of Justinian The first recorded epidemic affected the Eastern Roman Empire Byzantine Empire and was named the Plague of Justinian after emperor Justinian Iwho was infected but survived through extensive treatment.

The Black Death,

In the spring ofthe plague arrived in Constantinople, working its way from port city to port city and spreading around the Mediterranean Sealater migrating inland eastward into Asia Minor and west into Greece and Italy.

Procopius, in his work Secret History, declared that Justinian was a demon of an emperor who either created the plague himself or was being punished for his sinfulness.

People who died of bubonic plague in a mass grave from — in MartiguesFrance In the Late Middle Ages — Europe experienced the most deadly disease outbreak in history when the Black Death, the infamous pandemic of bubonic plague, hit inkilling a third of the European human population.

Some historians believe that society subsequently became more violent as the mass mortality rate cheapened life and thus increased warfare, crime, popular revolt, waves of flagellants, and persecution.

Chinese records also showed a huge outbreak in Mongolia in the early s. The epidemic began with an attack that Mongols launched on the Italian merchants' last trading station in the region, Caffa in the Crimea.

When spring arrived, the Italian merchants fled on their ships, unknowingly carrying the Black Death. Carried by the fleas on rats, the plague initially spread to humans near the Black Sea and then outwards to the rest of Europe as a result of people fleeing from one area to another.History >> Ancient China The Silk Road was a trade route that went from China to Eastern Europe.

It went along the northern borders of China, India, and Persia and ended up in Eastern Europe near today's Turkey and the Mediterranean Sea. DAILY LIFE IN 17TH CENTURY ENGLAND. By Tim Lambert. SOCIETY IN 17th CENTURY ENGLAND. During the 17th century the population of England and Wales grew steadily.

The Black Death, formerly known as the Bubonic Plague, is by far one of the most horrifying and yet the most fascinating subjects toed to the Middle Ages.

The best-known symptom of bubonic plague is one or more infected, enlarged, and painful lymph nodes, known as regardbouddhiste.com being transmitted via the bite of an infected flea, the Y.

pestis bacteria become localized in an inflamed lymph node, where they begin to colonize and regardbouddhiste.com associated with the bubonic plague are commonly found in the armpits, upper femoral, groin and .

In the Middle Ages, plague was known as the "Black Death." It caused the death of 60% of the population of Europe during a pandemic (an epidemic of human disease that .

The Black Death: Bubonic Plague: it was only a matter of time before the outbreak of plague in China spread to western Asia and Europe. In October of , several Italian merchant ships returned from a trip to the Black Sea, one of the key links in trade with China.

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