He was a central figure in the political scene of the Italian Renaissance, a tumultuous period of plots, wars between city states and constantly shifting alliances.
His parents, Bernardo and Bartolomea, had three other children, two daughters and a son. Bernardo was a lawyer and small landowner with a small salary. Some accounts say that Machiavelli spent the years from to working for a Florentine banker.
A love of books was a family value that Machiavelli shared. His writings prove that he tirelessly read the classics. In Machiavelli was named chancellor secretary to a nobleman, prince, or king and secretary of the second chancellery chief executive officer of the Florentine Republic government in Florence whose leaders were voted for by citizens.
His duties consisted chiefly of carrying out the policy decisions of others, writing diplomatic letters, reading and writing reports, and taking notes; he also went on some twenty-three diplomatic missions formal visits by a representative of a nation to foreign countries to conduct discussions on international affairs to foreign states.
These included four trips to France and two to the court of Rome.
In Machiavelli married Marietta Corsini, who bore him four sons and two daughters. In Machiavelli, inspired by his Roman history, was active in organizing a citizen militia a body of citizens, who are not soldiers by career, called to duty in a national emergency of the Florentine Republic.
In August a Spanish army entered Tuscany and sacked Prato. On November 7 Machiavelli was dismissed from his role as chancellor. Soon afterward he was arrested, imprisoned, and subjected to torture as a suspected schemer one who plots or plans against the Medici family.
Though innocent, he remained a suspect for years to come. Unable to secure an appointment from the reinstated reestablished Medici, he turned to writing. The Prince Machiavelli had a passion for ancient history. He had a fierce desire to rebuild the government with a stronger political and moral foundation, similar to that of the Roman Republic — B.
He felt the biggest need of his day was a strong political and military leader who could bring together northern Italy, ridding it of French and Spanish influence.
At the time that he wrote The Prince he pictured such a possibility while the restored Medici ruled both Florence and the papacy system of government of the Roman Catholic Church of which the pope is the head.
This hope is played out in the final chapter of The Prince. It is a heartfelt plea to his Medici patrons people who support a specific cause, a person, or an establishment to set Italy free from the "barbarians.
The chapters of The Prince are written in a clear and straightforward style. Earlier political writers had treated politics as a branch of morals. Machiavelli broke with this long tradition and treated politics on its own.
Machiavellian politics described the world as it was, rather than what people imagined or were taught to believe. This was a big change in tradition. Abandoning the Christian view of history as guided by God, Machiavelli viewed events in purely human terms.
Like others in the Renaissance, Machiavelli believed that man had the ability to control his own fate. Serious critics of Machiavelli sometimes forget that he attempted to describe rather than to invent the rules of political success.
For him the state was greater than its citizens and their individual interests; its health consisted in unity, but even at its height its lifetime was expected to end at some point. He suggested that the Church might have been destroyed by its own corruption deception and lies had not St.
However, Machiavelli gives a good comparison between the pagan religion of many gods religion of ancient Rome and the Christian religion. Medici was an Italian merchant prince who, without an official title, led the Florence government until his son took over.
Machiavelli stuck closely to his motto that a servant of government must be loyal and self-sacrificing. Nowhere did he suggest that the political morality sense of right and wrong of princes is a model for day-to-day dealings between ordinary citizens.Niccolo Machiavelli Biography, Life, Interesting Facts.
Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian writer, satirist, and political theorist; he is best known for his book The Prince. Childhood and Early Life. Niccolo Machiavelli was born in the city of Florence, Italy.
At the time of his birth, 3 May , Florence was an independent republic. regardbouddhiste.com presents Niccolò Machiavelli, Italian diplomat and author of The Prince, a handbook for unscrupulous politicians that inspired the term 'Machiavellian' and established Machiavelli.
NiccolÒ Machiavelli Biography. Born: May 3, Florence, Italy Italian statesman and author The Italian author and statesman Niccolò Machiavelli is best known for The Prince, in which he voiced his political philosophy. Early life Niccolò Machiavelli was born on May 3, , in Florence, Italy, of nobility, though by no means wealth.
Who Was Niccoló Machiavelli?
Born on May 3, , in Florence, Italy, Niccolò Machiavelli was a diplomat for 14 years in Italy's Florentine Republic during the Medici family's exile. When the Medici family returned to power in , Machiavelli was dismissed and briefly jailed. Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian writer, satirist, and political theorist; he is best known for his book The Prince.
Childhood and Early Life Niccolo Machiavelli was born in the city of Florence, Italy. Machiavelli is widely considered as one of the most influential philosophers when it comes to politics. His grand work, “The Prince” is a 16th century political treatise. Machiavelli was .